In the realm of Spanish grammar, the distinction between “ser” and “estar” plays a pivotal role in expressing attributes and states. This guide will delve into the intricacies of “delgada,” a Spanish adjective commonly used to describe physical appearance. By exploring the нюансы of “ser” and “estar,” we will shed light on the appropriate usage of these verbs when describing someone as “thin.”

To grasp the concept of “delgada,” it is essential to understand the foundational principles of Spanish adjectives. Adjectives in Spanish, like in English, provide descriptive information about nouns, offering insights into their qualities and characteristics. They can be either temporary or permanent, depending on the context in which they are used.

When it comes to describing physical appearance, distinguishing between “ser” and “estar” is crucial. “Ser” is typically used to describe inherent qualities that are intrinsic to a person’s nature, while “estar” is employed to express temporary or transient states.

Ser Delgada

Inherent Physical Characteristics

When “ser” is paired with “delgada,” it indicates a person’s permanent or inherent physical trait. It suggests that the person is naturally thin, possessing a slender build as a fundamental aspect of their being. This usage implies a stable and unchanging characteristic, reflecting an enduring aspect of a person’s physique.

For example, “María es delgada.” (María is thin.) In this sentence, “ser” conveys that María’s thinness is an intrinsic part of her physical makeup, representing a constant and enduring quality.

Essential Qualities and Personality Traits

Beyond physical appearance, “ser delgada” can also delve into deeper, more abstract qualities. It can allude to a person’s inherent nature, suggesting a certain level of grace, elegance, or sophistication. In this context, “delgada” transcends mere physicality and becomes a symbol of a person’s inner essence.

For instance, “Ana es delgada de espíritu.” (Ana is thin in spirit.) Here, “ser” with “delgada” portrays Ana as possessing a delicate, refined, or ethereal quality that permeates her being.

Estar Delgada

Temporary Physical States

In contrast to “ser,” “estar” is used to describe temporary or transient physical states. When combined with “delgada,” it conveys a current or temporary condition of thinness, often resulting from external factors or circumstances.

Consider the sentence “Juan está delgado últimamente.” (Juan has been thin lately.) In this context, “estar” indicates that Juan’s thinness is a recent or temporary condition. It may be due to factors such as a recent illness, change in diet, or increased physical activity.

Changes in Weight or Appearance

“Estar delgada” can also reflect fluctuations in weight or appearance. It suggests a physical transformation that may not be permanent or inherent. This usage captures the dynamic nature of our bodies and the influence of external factors on our physicality.

For example, “María está más delgada que antes.” (María is thinner than before.) Here, “estar” with “delgada” highlights a noticeable change in María’s weight or appearance, indicating a transition from a previous state.


Navigating the complexities of “ser” and “estar” with “delgada” requires a nuanced understanding of their distinct functions. By comprehending the subtle differences in their usage, we can accurately and effectively convey the intended meaning when describing someone as “thin” in Spanish. Remember, “ser” captures enduring characteristics and inherent qualities, while “estar” expresses temporary states or transient conditions.

So, the next time you want to describe someone as “delgada,” carefully consider whether their thinness reflects a permanent attribute or a temporary state. This distinction will guide you in choosing the appropriate verb and ensure that your message conveys the desired meaning in Spanish.



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